Various Kinds of Dock Loading Apparatus
Equipment for dock loading is used to facilitate safe and easy loading and offloading and relocation of material at docks. Here we will focus on discussing some types of dock loading equipment, their features and uses.
First there is the Dock Levelers. These are used to necessitate easy movement of material to the trailers from the docks. They are important because they form a connection between the dock and the trailers thus making sure goods are transferred safely and easily. Dock levelers are of three types and this is dependent upon the mechanism they use. These are, hydraulic, mechanic and pneumatic.
The cheapest kind of levelers is the mechanical one. It has a feature that entails a spring and chain to move raise or lower the deck. Hydraulic levelers are used when transferring material that is large in volume. This type is automatic and is activated by pushing a button. Pneumatic levelers raise the deck by using airbags. Pneumatic levers are gaining popularity because of their simple operation mode and cost less to maintain.
There is another dock leveler type that is popularly used and it is called the vertical dock leveler. It is the hydraulic leveler kind that stays upright whenever it is not being used. This is easy to keep clean and improve its energy efficiency.
You should consider the volume of goods to be moved, the height adjustment and the weight a leveler can handle when choosing one.
There is yet another loading equipment at the dock called the vehicle restraint. This equipment ensures that safety is maintained at the harbor. Vehicle restraints are used to keep loading and unloading trucks at the dock in place. Disasters can result from accidental movement of trailers during the loading operations. One can use any type of vehicle restraint eg the mechanical, electro-mechanical or hydraulic types. Consider choosing user-friendly kind of loading equipment.
In addition, there is the Dock seals gear used in loading at the harbor. This equipment is used to seal the gaps between the dock door and the trailer. This prevents air leakage. It helps in preventing any contamination of the stored material and also ensures their safety. This contamination usually occurs because of air infiltration. One of them is the inflatable seals, which are the most common type. These seal the sides of the trailer and the top. There is the pad seal that is quite popular due to its cheap cost.
There are many other dock equipment not discussed here like lights, bumpers, lifts and so on. There is a number of factors for consideration when buying loading equipment. These considerations include the price, the manufacturing company, the safety characteristics of the equipment as well as other specifications like the volume of material to be handled, the weight and the material the equipment is made of.